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Fire detection systems are very effective means of protecting people, facilities, equipment, property, and materials from the dangers of fire if they are installed, maintained, and used properly. The most well known of fire alarm protection companies use these very same systems. The technology related to these systems has evolved throughout its existence, and today, thanks to the advancement of technologies and the experience in their use, they have become an indispensable component when detecting a fire, especially in its phase. Initial, which is the most critical moment, where the fire can be more easily put down; On the other hand, late detection of the same that would delay the planned emergency actions, can cause large losses and exponentially increase the difficulty of extinguishing it.

The main function of a fire detection system is precisely to detect a fire as early as possible and generate the corresponding alarm signals in order to be able to take the appropriate extinguishing and evacuation measures. For this, the system must emit acoustic and / or visual signals both to the occupants of the building and to whoever is monitoring (on-site guardian, remote monitoring, etc.). Detection can be carried out automatically through the use of automatic detection equipment as well as by people using manual actuators, and in general, the systems have both warning modes. It is also important that the system can function satisfactorily, limiting the occurrence of false alarms.

Types of Fire Detection systems

We highlight the two main types of detection systems:

Conventional Systems: they work in a similar way to an intrusion system, with physical zones on the panel that allow the connection of multiple detectors (Maximum 25 per zone according to local regulations), reporting events for each zone of the panel.

Intelligent Systems: with more modern technology adapted to current needs and regulations, they work with communication loops (SLC) that, according to the central, can have a capacity for 50, 99, 127 or 159 devices, for example, and each one has a unique programmable address that allows Identification of each device separately in a shooting situation and the complete ones offer the possibility of receiving and adjusting specific parameters on each device remotely. Other notable functions are drift compensation (Auto-adjustment of smoke sensors) and automatic diagnostics of the state of the installation. Within this category, there are only Addressable and Analog Addressable systems that are the most complex.

Fire detection systems are critical when protecting a building, and its operation must be guaranteed at all times since not only the heritage but the human lives present in the establishment are being protected, an early warning can save lives and prevent tragedies as we have already seen happen in our country. The training of the integrator is essential so that they can provide good advice to the Client when designing a security solution; therefore, we invite you to join our online and face-to-face training for integrators in order to gain insight into these and other security solutions for the Security One hand.

Post Author: Zack Hernandez